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Constitutional policy and human rights

Although New Zealand does not have a written constitution, many of our constitutional arrangements are reflected in legislation and other documents. For example, the Constitution Act 1986 recognises that the Queen is the Head of State, and describes the three branches of government: the Executive (the Government), the legislature (Parliament), and the judiciary.

Another constitutional document is the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990, which affirms, protects and promotes human rights and fundamental freedoms in New Zealand.

The Electoral Act 1993 is also an important constitutional statute, as it sets out how free and democratic elections are held in New Zealand. For more information visit the Electoral Commission website.

The Ministry of Justice develops policy about these constitutional statutes and other constitutional matters.

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