Constitutional policy and human rights
Although New Zealand does not have a written constitution, many of our constitutional arrangements are reflected in legislation and other documents. For example, the Constitution Act 1986 recognises that the Queen is the Head of State, and describes the three branches of government: the Executive (the Government), the legislature (Parliament), and the judiciary.
Another constitutional document is the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990, which affirms, protects and promotes human rights and fundamental freedoms in New Zealand.
The Electoral Act 1993 is also an important constitutional statute, as it sets out how free and democratic elections are held in New Zealand. For more information see the Electoral section.
The Ministry of Justice develops policy about these constitutional statutes and other constitutional matters.
In this section
Human Rights: Information and resources relating to international and domestic human rights protection.
- Marine and Coastal Area - Takutai Moana: About the legislation replacing the Foreshore and Seabed Act 2004, including information for whānau, hapū and iwi applicant groups, local authorities and business interests.
- Consideration of Constitutional Issues